An Overview Of Oil And Gas Alarms
If you are in charge of the security and operations of an oil refinery, a place that needs constant supervision, you will want to set up an alarm system that can alert you to problems that may occur. These are sometimes controlled by a supervisory control and data acquisition system that is able to provide signals over coded channels, allowing the alarms to go off when problems are detected. These are typically used at many different types of industrial facilities including power generation, manufacturing and fabrication plants. Whether you are at a refinery, or you are monitoring oil and gas pipelines, you will need this type of system set up to maintain continuous operations.
What Are Oil And Gas Alarms?
The short answer to this question is that they are typically wireless gas detection systems, ones that are used at facilities which are extracting gas or oil from the ground. This has recently and expanded into the fracking industry, but have been used for decades at refining plants and all other businesses involved with gas and oil, providing the most efficient detection systems available. The advance of the Internet has made it possible for these systems to become much more efficient, and can be utilized by people at remote locations. Let’s look at how they work, and where they are use the most, and finish with the benefits of using oil and gas alarms today.
How Do They Work?
The type of system that you set up will depend upon the facility. For example, if you are working at a public or private facility such as an airport, any type of building, or on a ship, these need to be set in place. HVAC systems such as monitoring the heating and air-conditioning units also need these types of alarm systems. The ones used for oil and gas facilities are designed to detect many problems that can occur such as generators that are no longer functioning, or perhaps types that have somehow cracked and the flow of oil and gas has been distorted. These alarms will be set off, typically showing up on a switchboard, where the proper maintenance crew can be dispatched to the area in order to resolve the problem.
The Human Machine Interface
In the past, when monitoring enormous facilities, quite a bit of manpower was employed to keep track of the many different systems. As these facilities continue to increase in size, and also in complex city, it made sense to create what is referred to as a human machine interface where the alarms will be set off through electronic sensors, and humans are alerted at a primary control area where proper changes can be made. It is common to use SCADA systems, from first-generation to fourth-generation, with the last one incorporating the Internet. This makes it possible for remote stations to receive information about problems that are occurring, and dispatch people at these locations to resolve any issues.
Where Are They Used The Most?
There are many places that these alarm systems can be set up such as with exploratory facilities out on the ocean, providing fence line monitoring, and also leak detection. As of late, due to the increase in fracking facilities that are so prevalent today, new systems have been set up to monitor changes in the way that these facilities operate and the problems that can occur. They can actually lead to a complete shutdown of a plant if the problems that are occurring are life-threatening, or if workers are going to be exposed to dangerous situations. It is vitally important at oil and gas facilities to have these alarm systems set up for not only reasons of production, but also for the safety of those that are working.
This basic overview of how oil and gas alarms are used, and why they are important, should motivate any owner of this type of business to consider installing SCADA -based systems, as well as RTU packages and electronic flow measurement devices. Whether you are working with shallow gas, injection wells, disposal wells, or even an old-fashioned oil well, these alarms will ensure that proper safety is always maintained and production levels will not be disrupted.
Information On Oilfield SCADA Systems
14% of all injuries in the oilfield were related to being ‘caught’ in the wrong place. All of these could have been avoided with a good system to monitor how things were going in the oilfield. This is why the oilfield SCADA systems are so important to the case for all involved in this process.
Without the systems, this information does not come in front of the people who make final decisions on these matters. They have to then rely on manual readings and those are just not as accurate and have too much human error involved. Here is why these systems are so good.
Does it comply with all safety standards that have been set in the industry or does it not? This is why people want to use these systems because they are compliant and safe. They won’t cause any harm and will remain accurate with their readings throughout the procedure.
What other system can do this with such accuracy? The compliant nature of the system is a great bonus for those who are putting their lives at risk by working in such locations. If there is an unsafe situation, it will be shown through these systems and that is perfect.
The monitoring being done will be highly accurate and has been tested by numerous companies over the years. Every one of them has come back and said it was perfect and how they will be utilizing these systems for years to come. They believe in what it does and how accurate the readings are.
This is comprehensive for anyone that is working on the oilfield and needs the information immediately to make decisions. Seconds cannot be wasted by anyone who is hoping to get accurate readings and that is why these systems are so nice.
The costs of a project such as this can be expensive and most companies complain about this being a problem. The systems will ensure this is not a long-term problem because so many of the costs will be cut right off from the top. For example, a lot of money is spent on monitoring manually and waiting for the ‘okay’ to come through.
Why not have these systems do all of the assessment in seconds instead? Imagine how much time would be saved. It would be tremendous and something anyone could get behind when looking at working in the oilfield.
Easy To Use
It is controlled with a remote and is easy to use. A person who is trained to understand the information being relayed to them should be effective with the remote in their hand. As long as the oilfield SCADA systems are working, it will do the job for you and the project.
The easiness of it is an added benefit for anyone who is hoping to remain in control. It is this control which enables time to be cut off from the project. A lot of effort does not go to waste because of how easy it is to use.
Range Of Graphs And Charts
What is most important for a professional needing to make quick decisions out in the field? It would be the graphs and/or charts which showcase measurements and/or other related data. This information is critical for anyone who is reading into what is going on.
If the information is not accurate, how will a good decision be made on the oilfield? It would be a disaster and the system wouldn’t be there to help. With the graphs and charts being given to professionals through the use of these systems, it becomes easier to hit on those requirements.
The amount of time spent on the oilfield hoping to accumulate reasonable information can be excessive. It takes a toll on the budget and is horrible for the processing of oil. So, instead of letting this manifest, why not use a system such as this instead to monitor?
The studies all showcase how the oilfield SCADA systems are a no-brainer for anyone working in such a location. The monitoring is accurate with an abundance of information coming in real-time for a professional to look at. This is truly remarkable stuff.
About Oilfield Automation Companies
As of 2016, the world is steadily becoming more automated, and has been for the past thirty years. From state of the art robotic structures building high tech devices to simply programs that let us easily access our voice mail, automatic anything seems to be the wave of the future. This is most apparently in the industrial sector, where automation that leads to cleaner, less dangerous work doing everything from planting seeds to building cars. While implementing these mechanisms are seldom as easy as anybody would like, many industries are beginning to realize the advantages of automated facilities, in both cost and safety measures.
These technologies are becoming particularly prominent inside of oil fields across the planet. Oilfield automation companies are now offering a wider, more powerful array of technologies used to keep oil fields producing petroleum with minimal costs and complications. While a solid crew of workers is essential to any oil field, oil field automation allows for the processes involved in oil drilling to be done quicker and cheaper. Many of these emerging automated oil fields are capable of being managed, watched and to some degree controlled remotely from a cloud server, allowing people with the right access codes to monitor an entire oil field for irregularities and manipulate certain aspects of production from their living room.
Again, while all oil fields require good workers, oilfield automation companies offer a number of useful services with their automated systems. The primary goal is less about production and more about safety issues. Monitoring oil fields is an incredibly important task, commercially, environmentally and in terms of human costs of oil. If something goes wrong in an oil field, it tends to go very wrong, yet is usually fairly preventable in retrospect. The monitoring capabilities of these systems allow users to remotely detect faulty or unsafe operations. These automated systems also allow certified users to shut down systems or even the entire oil well if an emergency shut down is what it takes to protect lives and environment. Easily restarting operations in the case of a false alarm is also high priority. Information about damage to oil wells is often automatically provided to repair crews.
Security monitoring is another important consideration that oilfield automation companies are making easier on oil companies. With these systems’ built in monitoring abilities, they can detect when any single well is even slightly less productive than usual, as well as being able to point out when that lack of production is without a known reason. In addition to being a possible security breach, an under performing well can also indicate a great many problems. Further, operating at peak efficiency is proven to maximize the performance and lifespan of many pieces of expensive equipment essential to oil field management, something all oil companies wish to do.
Finally, the system allows companies to monitor their production of oil. An automated system allows oil field managers to keep an eye out for system bottlenecks that hinder production. These systems also provide vital information useful for identifying problems in production, evaluating those same problems and then taking actions to eliminate bottlenecks, as well other errors that are commonplace in oil production.
And, given as most problems with oil wells lead to less productivity and with it less profits, most companies running oil fields will likely be thrilled to have this kind of information, particularly since it happens so quickly. The systems can even help technicians and repair crews figure out what’s wrong with the oil well before they even get there, making the process that much faster.
This field is limited to a small number of companies, but it is a fairly specialized form of technology. Quest Automated Services LLC offers these automation services, with the added bonus of maintaining very accurate records and offering secured remote access to the wireless systems connecting the managers to the oil field. OleumTech also offers these services, as well as other uses of wireless connectivity to make industrial automation possible. Their R&D division is still working on new products and the company also offers technical support. PetroCloud, another company in the field, offers specialized cloud computing devices and built in IT infrastructures to customers using their automation services.